Photosharing with Flickrexternal image IsOowNygUGahjoDq27G_5fXOf2eGCk9YsS-JVRRLMYK5I_2KkScub3rBnDhha2t3x1NggohqsKD7n0p8bfiOmxeCjx2ui3xVna94yinZ-6ye_asEHw

Above images created by __Spell with Flickr__, using Flickr __One Letter__ photo pool. Click any letter to see original image with attribution and CC license.

How I got it here on my wiki page: I copied the big mess of HTML code from the box on the __Spell with Flickr__ page, then clicked "Embed Widget" (the TV icon) and pasted it under "Other HTML." (I did it as two separate words). Feel free to try it on your __sandbox wiki__ page (you know you want to!).

For LOADS more Flickr goodness, visit __Flickr Services__, __FD's FlickrToys__ and __Great Flickr Tools Collection__ -- after you have learned about Flickr!



Introduction

You may have noticed that nearly every page on this wiki includes a photograph or image that relates visually to the content. Most images on this wiki come from the __Flickr Creative Commons__ collection. In __Thing 10__, you learned how Creative Commons allows users to publish their original work on the web, and give legal permission to others to use, adapt and remix the work. "Flickr CC" currently includes over 140 million photos, from users all over the world. Creative Commons, folks. Wow.

What, pray tell, is Flickr?
In a nutshell, __Flickr__ is the Web's most popular photo-sharing site. Let's begin as usual with a little insight from our friends at CommonCraft.

Online Photo Sharing in Plain English (2:51)

__**http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0wZ5K0eG5wk**__




IMPORTANT! Tagging and Folksonomies - Two Defining Attributes of Web 2.0

So, online photo-sharing has been around for about a decade, but Web 2.0 sites like Flickr offer more than just a place to store your photos and share them with family and friends through email. Flickr is a searchable, social, user-driven community. The social power of Flickr comes from __**tagging**__, which is the process of adding meaningful keywords to photos (or any type of content). If you’ve ever used a subject heading in a library catalog or written names or places on the back of a photograph, you’re already familiar with tagging! Flickr's public photo tags are visible to the whole community, so the entire collection becomes organized and categorized, searchable and browsable. Flickr users can also comment on each others' photos and __create Groups__ to develop photo pools (shared photo collections, such as the __One Letter__ pool I mentioned above) and have discussions about any topic or interest.

Photo tagging is an example of a __**folksonomy**__, an important Web 2.0 concept that refers to the collaborative organizing of content by everyday users. Unlike a highly structured, professionally developed and controlled taxonomy (such as library subject headings), a folksonomy evolves over time, as more users add more tags to more content. Tagging is a bit messy, can be very individualized, and is non-hierarchical (i.e. there are no "sub-tags"); For example, a photo of your dog may be tagged as dog, beagle, rover and even cute if that means something to you. (Also, tags cannot have spaces, e.g. chocolate chip cookie is actually three tags, whereas chocolate_chip_cookie (or chocolatechipcookie) is one tag).

The concept of tagging is not unique to Flickr. Many Web 2.0 services incorporate tagging to add user-defined value and organization. Bloggers often tag their posts, and clicking on their tags may take you to a listing of all of their own posts tagged as such, or possibly a listing of ALL KNOWN blog entries tagged as such, e.g. through a service such as Technorati, which currently tracks over 90 million blogs. In Week 7, we will learn about Social Bookmarking and use a service called __**del.icio.us**__ to search for, store and organize Internet bookmarks/favorites using tags.

You may recall that in the __Thing 2__ video, The Machine is Us/ing Us, in reaction to the explosion of digital content on the Web, Michael Wesch asks the question: "Who will organize all this data?" His answer (the answer): We will - using TAGS!



SIDEBAR: Visual Literacy is Essential

This "Thing" is not meant to be a primer on Visual Literacy, but such a critical skill set can't go unmentioned (without loss of sleep on my part). For our students to be visually literate in the 21st Century, they must be able to "interpret, use, appreciate, and create images and video using both conventional and 21st Century media in ways that advance thinking, decision-making, communication and learning" (__Engauge - Digital Age Literacies__via David Jakes). As you explore Flickr, I hope you will consider how you might incorporate more visual literacy-building activities into your teaching, and also how you can teach your students about Creative Commons, because, believe me, they don't know.

Here is a brief outline of reasons for __Communicating Visually in the 21st Century__ from David Jakes; Please visit __JakesOnline__ for suggestions about using online resources (including Flickr) to improve students' visual literacy skills. If you are interested, check out Dan Meyer's (__dy/dan__) blog series about design and visual literacy, in which he ultimately challenges educators to submit a four-slide presentation "selling" themselves a la the __UC Graduate School of Business__. The submissions and the dialogue are both provocative and compelling. The four posts in the series: __Chicago Hope__ / __Misunderstanding Chicago__ / __Contest: The Four-Slide Sales Pitch__ / __Four-Slide Sales Pitch: Final Entries__ (If you are short on time, just check out the entries -- they are pretty cool).



Discovery Exercise


¤ NOTE: The discovery exercises and task do not require you to JOIN Flickr, but you are certainly welcome/encouraged to do so -- a good place to start if you want to join Flickr is the official __Flickr Tour__.

¤ BIGGER NOTE: Please be mindful as you explore Flickr that not all images are free to use! Just because you can view it and you know how to capture it doesn't mean you have unfettered permission to use it. See notes at the top of the __Flickr Search Tips__ page for a few words about copyright and Flickr. The good news is, Flickr currently has over 140 million images licensed under Creative Commons, and also, many Flickr photographers will graciously give permission for educational and classroom use of their photos. Incidentally, this same concept holds true for Google or other image searches. We are responsible for honoring copyright, seeking permission, citing sources, understanding what constitutes FAIR USE, and for teaching these essential ethics to our students. Don't forget to check out that WONDERFUL __**Code of Best Practices for Fair Use in Media Education**__.

On with it...


Expect to spend a good hour "roaming" in Flickr -- the time should fly by, as you are exploring an amazing resource and this should be FUN!

The following ‡ HELP Pages: are designed to assist you in Parts 1 and 2 of this exercise. They are worth perusing.
  1. __Anatomy of the Flickr Explore Page__ (The many possibilities for exploring photos in Flickr)
  2. __Anatomy of a Flickr Photo Page__ (How to navigate a photo page; how to download or link to a photo)
  3. __Flickr Basic & Creative Commons Searching__ (It's important to understand the difference)


PART 1: Explore Flickr (~15 min)
Spend a few minutes just getting to know Flickr. One of the best ways to do that is visit the __Explore__ page, where you can check out: Most Interesting Photos, Most Popular Tags, Places & Maps, Groups, and general Search. (Try browsing and sample searching in each of these modes). Flickr treats each search word as a separate tag, so you may have better results using phrases, e.g. "long island" (with quotes) or compound tags, e.g. long_island or longisland. Just have to experiment.

PART 2: Find some Creative Commons Licensed photos in FlickrCC (~30 min, depending on your personality and chosen search task!)
Pick a concept, topic or theme of your choice (preferably something you could use in your teaching or professional learning) and search the __Flickr Creative Commons__ to find 3-5 (or more if you choose) photos matching the theme, concept or topic. Download the LARGE (unless it's really big) size of each photo (easiest to save them all to a single folder), being sure to record the __**photo page**__ URL and photographer's username (I recommend that you paste them right into the bottom of your wiki sandbox page, but you can also save them as browser bookmarks/favorites or paste them onto a word document if you must -- just be sure to save them!) so that you can give credit.

‡ HELP Video: __How to Search Flickr CC, Download a Photo and Save an Attribution Link__ (The Whole Enchilada)
‡ HELP Page: __How to download and/or link to a photo__.

You will be invited to use these images to create an embeddable slideshow in __**Thing 12**__.

¤ PLEASE TAKE A MOMENT to __watch the help video__ and/or view the __help guide__ for searching Creative Commons photos, as it is a bit different from the regular search and NOT OBVIOUS. You have to click "see more" next to one of the CC photo pools to reach the search box for those photos. If you don't see CC license symbols next to the search bod, then you are using the "regular" Flickr search box, which searches ALL photos and not CC-only.

An alternative way to search all Creative Commons photos at once is to use __Flickr Advanced Search__ and check the box that says "Only search within CC licensed photos."

STUCK for ideas?
A few possible ideas: geometric shapes, colors, architectural styles, barns, lighthouses, bridges, vocabulary terms, natural elements, transportation, monuments, people, cultures, seasons, insects, animals, plants, landforms, billboards/signs, feelings/moods, writing prompts, inspiration, weather, technology, communities, holidays, collections, symbols, simple machines...

PART 3: Explore some Educational Possibilities for Flickr (~15-30 min)
You can't help it, you are teachers, and you want to know about the educational possibilities of Flickr. For a mere start, take a look at some of these resources and examples:

Collections of Ideas


Individual Lessons/Examples




¤ NOTE: A Quick Word About Photo-Posting Etiquette
When posting identifiable photos of other people (especially minors), is it advisable to get the person's permission before posting their photo in a publicly accessible place like Flickr. Never upload pictures that weren't taken by you (unless you have the photographer's consent) and always give credit (and a link) when you include photos taken by someone else in your blog, wiki, slide presentation or digital story.

Further Resources (provided for your reference)





Task
Select one of the themed/topical photos you downloaded in Part 2 above. Insert the photo via link or by upload, so that it appears WITHIN a blog post (see video below for help) in which you reflect on your Flickr experience. Please share some things you learned about Flickr, the topic/theme you selected for your search, and any ideas you have for using Flickr (or other photo sharing tool) to support your own teaching and learning. Be sure to post an attribution -- or, credit -- to the photographer, in the form of his or her username and a link to the photo page). Be sure to include "Thing 11" in your post title.

‡ HELP Video: __Insert a picture in a blog post__
‡ HELP Page: __How to download or link to a photo__.